Cocaine Rehab

Cocaine is a powerful stimulant that causes a rush of euphoric feelings in its users. Over time, these same users will require more of the drug to satisfy their cravings. Drug rehab treatment centers are available to help people with cocaine addiction to stop the cycle of addiction.

Cocaine Addiction Recap

Cocaine is an illegal stimulant that comes from the coca plant of South America. Powdered cocaine is usually consumed by snorting, but users can also take it orally or intravenously.

Side effects of cocaine use can include:

  • High blood pressure
  • Nosebleeds
  • Trouble sleeping
  • Muscle twitches
  • Hepatitis C or HIV (via IV use)
  • Rapid heart rate
  • Higher body temperature
  • Heart attack or stroke
  • Development of cocaine use disorder
  • Depression and anxiety

Cocaine is highly addictive, but there are many different rehab programs available to help cocaine users quit their addiction for good.

Cocaine Detox and Withdrawal

Regardless of which type of cocaine addiction treatment center you choose, detoxification is the first step in your recovery journey. Detox and withdrawal symptoms happen due to your body eliminating any remaining cocaine from your system and working to rebalance its natural chemicals.

Cocaine causes the brain to produce large amounts of dopamine, so when detoxing from cocaine, the brain will be working to adjust to the sudden lack of dopamine. This adjustment period can lead to cocaine withdrawal.

Former cocaine users report intense cravings during withdrawal, particularly in the first week. The intense cravings that happen during withdrawal can lead to relapse and, as a result, a cocaine overdose. Recovering individuals may also experience life-threatening mental health shifts, causing major depression and suicidal thoughts.

Additional cocaine withdrawal symptoms can include:

  • Fatigue
  • Anxiety
  • Nightmares
  • Extreme paranoia
  • Inability to feel pleasure
  • Increased appetite
  • Mood swings

Cocaine withdrawal is not itself dangerous, but many of the side effects can lead to life-threatening secondary consequences. Seeking medical intervention during cocaine detox is strongly recommended.

Overcoming Cocaine Addiction Through Rehab

Any use of cocaine is considered abuse since cocaine is illegal. Thankfully, several types of drug rehab centers are available to treat cocaine abuse and addiction.

Inpatient Treatment

Inpatient treatment is a type of residential treatment program where the recovering cocaine addict can live for a minimum of 30 days. During their stay at the inpatient rehab center, the patient will undergo supervised detoxification followed by daily therapies. Therapy will come in both group and individual counseling sessions.

Depending on the type of inpatient program chosen, there may also be additional healthy activities available for residents of an inpatient program, such as yoga or horseback riding.

Outpatient Treatment

Most people think the only option available is an inpatient or residential setting when it comes to drug rehab. However, plenty of outpatient cocaine rehab can be just as effective in providing support and addiction recovery.

The Partial Hospitalization Program (PHP) option is a more intensive outpatient program. Patients who sign up for partial hospitalization will visit a facility during the day for 4-8 hours (depending on the individual treatment plan) to receive daytime therapy and care.

On the other hand, an Intensive Outpatient Program (IOP) provides similar therapies as a PHP but with a much lower time commitment. Individuals enrolled in an Intensive Outpatient Program will visit a facility for roughly 10+ hours per week.

An IOP program is an excellent cocaine addiction rehab for someone with less severe addiction. Other IOP participants may enroll after completing a residential rehab program as a way to ease back into ordinary daily life.

Is Medication Used During Cocaine Rehab?

According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), there are currently no approved medications for the treatment of cocaine use disorder. For any type of stimulant drug abuse, the primary form of treatment happens through different therapies.

Medical professionals are still researching types of medication that could potentially be used in the future to aid in recovery from stimulant drug addiction.

Therapy for Cocaine Addiction Recovery

Behavioral health is a significant component in cocaine addiction recovery. Just about any type of rehab center you choose will offer a variety of individual and group therapy sessions.

Since no medication can assist with relapse prevention, focusing on one’s mental health issues becomes a major component in successfully abstaining from cocaine.

The following are some common forms of therapy used during cocaine addiction treatment.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)

Cognitive-behavioral therapy is psychotherapy commonly used to treat substance use disorders, including cocaine addiction. CBT helps treat drug addiction because it allows the individual to figure out what unhealthy mental patterns could have contributed to self-medicating through drugs or alcohol use.

In addition, CBT allows patients to work through those negative thought patterns and re-shape them into better habits and healthier coping mechanisms for the future to keep them from falling back into drug use.

Contingency Management

Contingency management is another highly effective therapy for helping recovering cocaine addicts remain sober. Patients have the opportunity to earn chips or vouchers during their contingency management treatment and can save up these vouchers to trade for healthy rewards.

Patients might receive vouchers for clean drug tests, participation in group therapy, or other healthy milestones. Over time, patients can earn prizes that will increase in value. The prizes themselves—from free meals to gym memberships—are intended to help support the enjoyment of a healthy, drug-free lifestyle.

12-Step Programs for Cocaine Recovery

Many people have heard of 12-step programs like Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) or Narcotics Anonymous (NA), but there is a specific group for recovering cocaine addicts.

Cocaine Anonymous is a 12-step program that helps recovering addicts continue on the road to remaining sober while providing them with a safe, supportive space to work through their 12 steps.

Continuing Recovery After Rehab

Sober Living

For recovering addicts that benefit from the support and structure of fellow sober peers, a sober living facility can be a great option after rehab. Sober living programs are drug and alcohol-free communities that require clean drug tests from all residents.

Every sober living house will have its own rules and varying levels of oversight (i.e., some sober homes have a live-in counselor or sponsor). It’s essential to check in ahead of time to see what the sober living community offers nearest you.

Aftercare

Aftercare describes different programs or habits a recovering cocaine addict can get involved with to help support a healthier, drug-free life. Patients who complete rehab often will continue participating in 12-step programs, and others may keep going to individual counseling, including the highly-successful phone counseling option.

Some of the most common rehab aftercare options include:

  • Individual counseling
  • Family therapy
  • Support groups (online or in-person)
  • Health and fitness programs
  • Volunteering in addiction recovery
  • Continuing 12-step programs

Find a Cocaine Rehab Program Near You

If you’re concerned about yourself or a loved one’s drug abuse, you can speak with a medical professional to get advice about what steps you can take to take your life back from cocaine addiction. If you’re not ready to talk to someone, the SAMHSA program locator allows you to search for the rehab programs nearby anonymously.

Reviewed by:Kent S. Hoffman, D.O.

Chief Medical Officer

  • Fact-Checked
  • Editor

Kent S. Hoffman, D.O. has been an expert in addiction medicine for more than 15 years. In addition to managing a successful family medical practice, Dr. Hoffman is board certified in addiction medicine by the American Osteopathic Academy of Addiction Medicine (AOAAM). Dr. Hoffman has successfully treated hundreds of patients battling addiction. Dr. Hoffman is Co-Founder and Chief Medical Officer of Addiction Guide and ensures the quality of our website’s content and messaging.

Written by:

Content Manager

Jessica Miller is a USF graduate with a Bachelor’s Degree in English. She has written professionally for over a decade, from HR scripts and employee training to business marketing and company branding. In addition to writing, Jessica spent time in the healthcare sector (HR) and as a high school teacher. She has personally experienced the pitfalls of addiction and is delighted to bring her knowledge and writing skills together to support our mission. Jessica lives in St. Petersburg, FL with her husband and two dogs.

8 references
  1. National Institute on Drug Abuse. (2021, June 28). Cocaine drugfacts. National Institute on Drug Abuse. Retrieved October 15, 2021, from https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/drugfacts/cocaine.
  2. Physical and psychological effects of substance use handout. SAMHSA. (n.d.). Retrieved October 15, 2021, from https://ncsacw.samhsa.gov/files/TrainingPackage/MOD2/PhysicalandPsychEffectsSubstanceUse.pdf.
  3. WebMD. (2021, February 9). Cocaine: Short and long-term side-effects & treatment of addiction. WebMD. Retrieved October 15, 2021, from https://www.webmd.com/mental-health/addiction/cocaine-use-and-its-effects#1.
  4. National Institute on Drug Abuse. (2021, July 9). What is cocaine? National Institute on Drug Abuse. Retrieved October 15, 2021, from https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/research-reports/cocaine/what-cocaine.
  5. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Treatment for Stimulant Use Disorders. Treatment Improvement Protocol (TIP) Series 33. SAMHSA Publication No. PEP21-02-01- 004. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 2021. Retrieved March 22, 2022, from  https://store.samhsa.gov/sites/default/files/SAMHSA_Digital_Download/PEP21-02-01-004.pdf
  6. Center for Substance Abuse Treatment. What Is Substance Abuse Treatment? A Booklet for Families. HHS Publication No. (SMA) 14-4126. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 2004.
  7. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2021, July 9). What is cocaine? National Institutes of Health. Retrieved March 23, 2022, from https://nida.nih.gov/publications/research-reports/cocaine/what-cocaine
  8. Center for Substance Abuse Treatment. What Is Substance Abuse Treatment? A Booklet for Families. HHS Publication No. (SMA) 14-4126. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 2004. 

Contact Us

If you or someone you love is struggling with addiction, there is help available. Get in touch today and let us guide you to the recovery option that’s right for you.

  • Receive customized guidance
  • Get up-to-date information
  • Find the treatment that’s right for you

Talk to an advocate now

Hidden
This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged.